In the early morning hours of October 1st, 1965, the ‘September 30th Movement‘ abducted and murdered six high-ranking generals. The group occupied the central square in Jakarta and the radio station, from where they announced that they had preempted a coup d‘état on President Sukarno and were there to protect the president. The coup was defeated within a day. As its consequence, Sukarno was disempowered and General Suharto seized power. An unprecedented hunt for people suspected of leftist ideas began, and it is estimated that the regime killed between 500,000 and 3 million people during the following months.
The reasons for and the masterminds of the coup still remain unclear.
The six drawings depict Indonesia‘s political situation at that time in a global context, the events of October 1st and four different theories on the background of the coup and its masterminds.